Published in the
Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

PLENARY PAPERdoi:10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.35

Towards an Integrated Observing System: In Situ Observations

Uwe Send(1), Peter Burkill(2), Nicolas Gruber(3), Gregory C. Johnson(4), Arne Körtzinger(5), Tony Koslow(1), Ron O'Dor(6), Steve Rintoul(7), Dean Roemmich(1), Susan Wijffels(8)

pdf Download this paper »

The research and operational community represented at the OceanObs'09 conference has stated clearly that the future global ocean observing system must focus on applications that society cares about. This necessitates expanding the current system to include biogeochemical and ecosystem observations. There was also an unambiguous message that various gaps in the system need to be closed - in terms of technology, sampling, and geographical coverage. Closer integration is needed exploit synergies between platforms and communities, and to provide seamless data access all components. Capacity building and training the next generation of ocean observers is another area requiring work and funding. This paper argues that an efficient way forward is to (1) maintain the existing system, (2) close gaps, especially geographic ones, and (3) enhance Argo, OceanSITES (OCEAN Sustained Interdisciplinary Time series Environment observation System) and VOS (Volunteer Observing Ship) to serve and be jointly operated with the biogeochemistry and ecosystem communities.

1Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD 0230, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
2Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
3Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, Department of Environmental Sciences, ETH Zürich, CHN E31.2, Universitätstr. 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
4NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
5Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24105 Kiel, Germany
6Census of Marine Life, Consortium for Ocean Leadership, Suite 420, 1201 New York Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20005
7CSIRO and ACE CRC, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001 Australia
8CSIRO, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001 Australia

Correspondence should be addressed to E-mail: usend@ucsd.edu

This paper shall be cited as:

Send, U. & Co-Authors (2010). "Towards an Integrated Observing System: In Situ Observations" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.35

Rights to reproduction of individual articles are held by the authors. The source of the article (these proceedings) shall be cited.

 Contact: info .at. oceanobs09.net