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Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

PLENARY PAPERdoi:10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.33

Integrating the Ocean Observing System: Mobile Platforms

Dean Roemmich(1), Lars Boehme(2), Hervé Claustre(3), Howard Freeland(4), Masao Fukasawa(5), Gustavo Goni(6), W. John Gould(7), Nicolas Gruber(8), Maria Hood(9), Elizabeth Kent(10), Rick Lumpkin(6), Shawn Smith(11), Pierre Testor(12)

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Potential extensions to each of the ocean observing system's mobile platform networks, made possible by new technologies, are examined with respect to the value of the complete observing system. The autonomous instrument networks now have the potential for the truly global scope that will come from extensions to high latitudes, into marginal seas and the deep ocean, and by high-resolution sampling in boundary currents. The autonomous networks can accommodate new sensors, including oxygen, chlorophyll-A, and particulate organic carbon, and coordination with shipboard and moored platform programs will enable studies of the impacts of climate variability and change on biogeochemistry and ecosystems. The systems required to observe ocean surface properties, surface circulation, and air-sea exchanges merit further study since improvements in these areas will come not only from new instrumentation but through better coordination between networks and better use of research and commercial vessels. The observing system infrastructure must evolve in parallel with the system's scope and complexity. Expanded roles are seen for smaller research vessels, including instrument deployment and recovery, reference-quality profile measurements and underway surface observations. The data management system must provide the rigorous control needed for the production of research quality datasets. The challenge in providing these enhancements to the ocean observing system is to define and achieve an optimal mix of shipboard and autonomous observations to deliver climate-quality datasets in a cost-efficient manner that exploits the synergies between satellite and in situ observations.

1Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0230, USA
2NERC Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 8LB, Scotland, UK
3Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche, 06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
4Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, BC, V8L 4B2, Canada
5Japan Agency for Marine Science and Technology, 2-15 Natsushima, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 237-0061, Japan
6NOAA/AOML, 4301 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL 33149, USA
7National Oceanography Centre, Empress Dock, Southampton, SO14 3ZH, U. K.
8Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zurich, Universitatstrasse 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
9UNESCO-IOC, 1 Rue Miollis, 75732 Paris cedex 15, France
10Ocean Observing and Climate, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, SO14 3ZH, UK
11Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies, Florida State University, 2035 E. Paul Dirac Drive, Tallahassee, FL 32306-2840, USA
12LOCEAN-IPSL/CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France

Correspondence should be addressed to E-mail: droemmich@ucsd.edu

This paper shall be cited as:

Roemmich, D. & Co-Authors (2010). "Integrating the Ocean Observing System: Mobile Platforms" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.33

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