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Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

PLENARY PAPERdoi:10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.29

Bringing Life to Ocean Observation

Ron O'Dor(1), Juan Acosta(2), Odd Aksel Bergstad(3), Russell Brainard(4), John Brattey(5), Miquel Canals(6), Dan Costa(7), Kristina Gjerde(8), John Gunn(9), John K. Horne(10), Katrin Iken(11), John Kocik(12), Brenda Konar(11), John Payne(13), Chris Reid(14), Bruce Robison(15), Dirk Steinke(16), Edward Vanden Berge(17)

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The fourteen field projects of the Census of Marine Life (Census) have helped gather 22 million species/location references globally from the abyssal plains to the ocean surface. Some of the breakthrough technologies that make biodiversity monitoring possible now include DNA barcoding and microchips combined with standardized sampling techniques, upward looking and horizontal waveguide sonar techniques that view huge areas, use of animal-borne sensors to define oceanic habitats, and a combination of acoustic and satellite tracking techniques that allow us to reassemble species interactions in the open ocean to meet increasing demands for ecosystem-based management of ocean resources. Census' Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), which contains these records, has recently been accepted by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission as a component of IODE, simplifying the process of linking biodiversity data with physical data on a global scale. OBIS contains records dating back a thousand years from the Oceans Past project and has been used to project scenarios forward in the Oceans Future project, so the feasibility of linking the physical and biological ocean is greatly enhanced. We focus on how best to implement these cross-over technologies.

1Consortium for Ocean Leadership, 1201 New York Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20005, USA
2Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Madrid, Spain
3Institute of Marine Research, Flødevigen, N-4817 His, Norway
4National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 1601 Kapiolani Blvd., Suite 1110, Honolulu, HI 96814, USA
5Fisheries and Oceans Canada, PO Box 5667, St. John's, NL A1C 5X1
6GRC Geociències Marines, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
7University of California, 100 Shaffer Rd, Santa Cruz, CA. USA 95060
8IUCN High Seas Policy Advisor, Konstancin-Chylice, Poland
9Australian Antarctic Division, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
10University of Washington, School of Aquatic and Fisheries Science, Box 355020, Seattle, WA 98195-5020 USA
11University of Alaska, Fairbanks, PO Box 757220, Fairbanks , AK USA 99775-7220
12NOAA Fisheries Maine Field Station, 17 Godfrey Drive - Suite 1, Orono, ME 04473, USA
13POST, Vancouver Aquarium, P. O. Box 3232, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6B 3X8, Canada
14Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Sciences (SAHFOS), The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, UK, PL1 2PB
15Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, 7700 Sandholdt Road, Moss Landing, CA 95039
16University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada
17Ocean Biogeographic Information System, Rutgers University, NJ, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to E-mail: rodor@oceanleadership.org

This paper shall be cited as:

O'Dor, R. & Co-Authors (2010). "Bringing Life to Ocean Observation" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.29

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