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Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

COMMUNITY WHITE PAPER10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.93

Surface In situ Datasets for Marine Climatological Applications

Scott D. Woodruff(1), Nicola Scott(2), David I. Berry(3), Mark A. Bourassa(4), Etienne Charpentier(5), Sergey K. Gulev(6), Heike Haar(7), Elizabeth C. Kent(3), Richard W. Reynolds(8), Gudrun Rosenhagen(9), Martin Rutherford(10), Val Swail(11), Steven J. Worley(12), H-M. Zhang(8), Reinhard Zoellner(7)

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Climatological products are required for monitoring and studying global climate change and accurately identifying secular trends over the past two centuries. These products require consistent and well-characterised observational data and metadata from the earliest ship observations and from the modern ocean observing system. Maintaining and developing long-term surface marine climatological datasets requires a different approach to data management than for operational applications. The current management of climatological datasets is discussed and specific modernization steps recommended. The status of relevant in situ observing systems is reviewed in the context of available satellite data. The extent to which requirements for maintaining sampling, redundancy, and consistency are met by existing data delivery mechanisms is considered. Recommendations include: data and metadata rescue; maintaining consistency with the historical record; modernization of data flow and climatological products; for observations with added-value through improved metadata, quality control and uncertainty characterization; and improved dataset construction methods.

1Chair, JCOMM (Joint World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)/Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology) Expert Team on Marine Climatology, NOAA ESRL (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Earth System Research Laboratory) R/PSD3, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80305-3328, USA
2Chair, JCOMM (Joint World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)/Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology) Task Team on Delayed-Mode VOS (Voluntary Observing Ship) Data, Met Office, Saughton House, Broomhouse Drive, Edinburgh, EH11 3XQ, United Kingdom
3National Oceanography Centre, Waterfront Campus, European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH, United Kingdom
4Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
5WMO (World Meteorological Organization), 7bis, av. de la Paix, Case Postale 2300, 1211 Genève 2, Switzerland
6P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, RAS (Russian Academy of Sciences), 36 Nakhimovsky ave, 117858 Moscow Russia
7Deutscher Wetterdienst, Bernhard-Nocht-Str. 76, 20359 Hamburg, Germany
8National Climatic Data Center, Federal Building, 151 Patton Avenue, Asheville NC 28801, USA
9Chair, JCOMM (Joint World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)/Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology) Task Team on Delayed-Mode VOS (Voluntary Observing Ship) Data, Deutscher Wetterdienst, Bernhard-Nocht-Str. 76, 20359 Hamburg, Germany
10Department of Defence, R5-SB-42, Russell Offices, Canbeerra Act 2600 Australia
11Chair, JCOMM (Joint World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)/Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology) Expert Team on Wind Waves and Storm Surges, Environment Canada, 4905 Dufferin Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M3H 5TA
12NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research), 1850 Table Mesa Drive, Boulder, CO 80305, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to E-mail: Scott.D.Woodruff@noaa.gov

This paper shall be cited as:

Woodruff, S. & Co-Authors (2010). "Surface In situ Datasets for Marine Climatological Applications" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.93

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