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Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

COMMUNITY WHITE PAPER10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.89

Gliders as a Component of Future Observing Systems

Pierre Testor(1), Gary Meyers(2), Chari Pattiaratchi(3), Ralf Bachmayer(4), Dan Hayes(5), Sylvie Pouliquen(6), Loic Petit de la Villeon(6), Thierry Carval(6), Alexandre Ganachaud(7), Lionel Gourdeau(7), Laurent Mortier(8), Hervé Claustre(9), Vincent Taillandier(9), Pascal Lherminier(10), Thierry Terre(10), Martin Visbeck(11), Johannes Karstensen(11), Gerd Krahman(11), Alberto Alvarez(12), Michel Rixen(12), Pierre-Marie Poulain(13), Svein Osterhus(14), Joaquin Tintore(15), Simon Ruiz(15), Bartolomeo Garau(15), David Smeed(16), Gwyn Griffiths(16), Lucas Merckelbach(16), Toby Sherwin(17), Claudia Schmid(18), John A. Barth(19), Oscar Schofield(20), Scott Glenn(20), Josh Kohut(20), Mary Jane Perry(21), Charlie Eriksen(22), Uwe Send(23), Russ Davis(23), Daniel Rudnick(23), Jeff Sherman(23), Clayton Jones(24), Douglas Webb(24), Craig Lee(25), Breck Owens(26)

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The aim of this community white paper is to make recommendations for a glider component of a global ocean observing system. We first recommend the adoption of an ARGO-like (Global array of free-drifting profiling floats) data system for gliders. Then, we argue that combining glider deployments with the other components (ships, moorings, floats and satellites) will considerably enhance our capacity for observing the ocean by filling gaps left by the other observing systems. Gliders could be deployed to sample most of the western and eastern boundary circulations and the regional seas (around 20 basins in the world) which are not well covered by the present global ocean observing system and near fixed-point time series stations. These plans already involve people scattered around the world in Australia, Canada, Cyprus, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Spain, UK, and the USA, and will certainly expand to many other countries. A rough estimate of resources required is about 13M$/Euro for ~20+ gliders permanently at sea during five years in the world ocean, based on present scientific infrastructures.

1LOCEAN-IPSL/CNRS (Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat: Expérimentations et approches numériques-Institut Pierre Simon Laplace/Centre national de la recherche scientifique), Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 32 Boulevard Victor, 75739 Paris Cedex 15; Case 100-Tour 45-55 - 4 Place Jussieu 75005 Paris France
2IMOS (Integrated Marine Observing System), Private Bag 110, Hobart TAS 7001 Australia
3IMOS (Integrated Marine Observing System), Perth Canyon, Perth, Western Australia
4Memorial University of Newfoundland, P.O. Box 4200, St. John's, NL A1C 5S7 Canada
5UCY/COC (University of. Cyprus - Oceanography Centre), P.O. Box 20537 1678, Nicosia, Cyprus
6CORIOLIS/IFREMER (French Institute for Exploitation of the Sea/Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer), BP 70 29280 Plouzané, France
7LEGOS/IRD (Laboratoire d'Etudes en Géophysique et Océanographie Spatiales/Institut de Recherche pour le Développement), B.P.A5- 98848 - Noumea Cedex - Nouvelle-Caledonie
8LOCEAN-IPSL/ENSTA (Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat: Expérimentations et approches numériques - Institut Pierre Simon Laplace/Ecole Nationale Superieure de Techniques Avancees), UPMC (Université Pierre & Marie Curie), 32 Boulevard Victor, 75739 Paris Cedex 15; Case 100-Tour 45-55 - 4 Place Jussieu 75005 Paris France
9LOV/CNRS (Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche/Mer/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), Chemin du Lazaret, 06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
10LPO/IFREMER (Laboratoire de Physique des Océans/French Institute for Exploitation of the Sea/Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer), BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France
11IFM-GEOMAR (Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences), Düsternbrooker Weg 20, D-24105 Kiel, Germany
12NURC (NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Undersea Research Centre), Viale San Bartolomeo 400, 19126 La Spezia Italy
13OGS (Istituto Nazionale Di Oceanografia E Di Geofisica Sperimentale), 42, Frazione Borgo Grotta Gigante, Borgo Grotta Gigante, TS 34010 Italy
14BCCR (Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research), Allegaten 55, 5007 Bergen, Norway
15IMEDEA (Institut Mediterrani d´Estudis Avançats), 21, 07190 Esporles, Spain
16NOCS (National Oceanography Centre Southampton), Waterfront Campus, European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH, United Kingdom
17SAMS (Scottish Association for Marine Science), Oban, Argyll, PA37 1QA UK
18NOAA/AOML/PHOD (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory/Physical Oceanography Division), 4301 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL 33149, USA
19Oregon State University, 104 COAS Administration Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-5503 USA
20Rutgers University, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
21School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, 5741 Libby Hall Room 204A Orono, ME 04469-5741, USA
22School of Oceanography, University of Washington, Box 357940, Seattle, WA 98195-7940, USA
23SIO (Scripps Institution of Oceanography), 9500 Gilman Drive M/C 0214, La Jolla, CA 92093-0214 USA
24Teledyne Webb Research, 82 Technology Park Dr, East Falmouth, MA 02536-4441, USA
25APL-UW (Applied Physics Laboratory - University of Washington), 1013 N.E. 40th St., Seattle, WA 98105, USA
26WHOI (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution), Mailstop 29, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to E-mail: testor@locean-ipsl.upmc.fr

This paper shall be cited as:

Testor, P. & Co-Authors (2010). "Gliders as a Component of Future Observing Systems" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.89

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