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Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

COMMUNITY WHITE PAPER10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.79


Uwe Send(1), Robert A. Weller(2), Doug Wallace(3), Francisco Chavez(4), Richard L. Lampitt(5), Tommy Dickey(6), Makio Honda(7), Kostas Nittis(8), Roger Lukas(9), Mike McPhaden(10), Richard Feely(10)

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The OceanSITES project coordinates and facilitates the implementation of a global open-ocean network of sustained time series sites. It was conceived as a result of the OceanObs99 conference, where need for such a system was recognized and endorsed by the community, to complement the other existing components of the global ocean observing system such as ARGO, satellites, ship hydrography, and underway data such as XBTs. OceanSITES now is an official component of the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) and of JCOMM (via the DBCP), and recognized and supported by CLIVAR and POGO. We review the rationale for sustained time series observations and the status of the OceanSITES effort, including data management. We also present recommendations on the forward trajectory for OceanSITES. Specifically, we see value in commitments to increased uniformity, with common sampling strategies and deployment of multidisciplinary sensors. This could be accomplished by having a core or backbone set of the sites equipped with common sensor suites. These sensor suites would provide atmospheric, physical and circulation observations and also expand the scientific focus for this core network to address CO2 and oxygen dynamics in the upper layer of the ocean and their relation to daily to seasonal phytoplankton primary production, net community production and mixed layer dynamics. A vision and goal for OceanSITES are to collaborate across disciplines, agencies and countries to implement share and mutually enhance sites and platforms to establish this backbone system. Another proposed step forward would be the development of a standard mooring design, essentially an OceanSITES blueprint, that can be replicated anywhere, coupled with training and manuals for mutually agreed procedures based on the expertise of the entire OceanSITES community. A goal will also be to work across borders and program boundaries to exchange disciplinary, technical and sensor expertise.

1Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Mail Code 0230, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA
2Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Mailstop 29, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA
3IFM-GEOMAR (Leibniz-Institut für Meereswissenschaften/Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences-Research Center for Marine Geosciences), Düsternbrooker Weg 20, D-24105 Kiel, Germany
4MBARI (Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute), 7700 Sandholdt Road, Moss Landing, CA 95039 USA
5Natinal Oceanography Centre, Empress Dock, Southampton SO14 3ZH United Kingdom
6University of California Santa Barbara, Ocean Physics Laboratory, 6487 Calle Real, Suite A, Goleta, CA 93117 USA
7JAMSTEC (Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), MARITEC (Marine Technology Center), 2-15 Natsushima, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, 237-0061, Japan
8Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Anavyossos Institute of Oceanography, 46.7 Km, Athens-Sounio Ave., PO BOX 712, Anavyssos Attica 190 13, Greece,
9University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Oceanography, 1000 Pope Road, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822
10(NOAA/PMEL (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Pacific Marine Environment Laboratory), 7600 Sand Point Way N.E. Seattle, WA 98115-6349, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to E-mail: usend@ucsd.edu

This paper shall be cited as:

Send, U. & Co-Authors (2010). "OceanSITES" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.79

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