OceanObs09

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Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

COMMUNITY WHITE PAPER10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.71

Evaluating Climate Variability and Change from Modern and Historical SST Observations

Nick A. Rayner(1), Alexey Kaplan(2), Elizabeth C. Kent(3), Richard W. Reynolds(4), Philip Brohan(1), Kenneth S. Casey(5), John J. Kennedy(1), Scott D. Woodruff(6), Thomas M. Smith(7), Craig Donlon(8), Lars-Anders Breivik(9), Steinar Eastwood(9), Masayoshi Ishii(10), Tess Brandon(5)

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There are many challenges in blending historical and modern observations of sea surface temperature (SST) into homogenous gridded data sets suitable for use in climate research. Many of these problems can be avoided if proper choices are made during design and deployment phases of new instrumentation and observing systems, as specified in the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) climate monitoring principles (http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/gcos/documents/GCOS_Climate_Monitoring_Principles.pdf).

1Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, EX1 3PB, U.K
2Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, P.O. Box 1000, Palisades, NY 10964-8000, U.S.A.
3National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, Waterfront Campus, European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH, United Kingdom
4NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)/National Climatic Data Center, 151 Patton Avenue, Asheville, NC 28801-5001, U.S.A
5NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)/National Oceanographic Data Center, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910, U.S.A
6NOAA/ESRL (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Earth System Research Laboratory) (R/PSD3), 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80305, U.S.A
7NOAA-NESDIS-STAR (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/National Environmental Satellite-Data and Information-Service Satellite Applications and Research) and CICS/ESSIC (Cooperative Institute for Climate Studies /Earth Systems Science Interdisciplinary Center), 5825 Univ. Research Ct., Suite 4001, College Park, MD 20740, U.S.A.,
8ESA/ESTEC (European Space Agency/European Space Research and Technology Centre) (EOP-SME (Environment Operational Programme-Small and Medium-sized Enterprises)), Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ, Noordwijk The Netherlands
9Norwegian Meteorological Institute, P.O.BOX 43, Blindern, N-0313 Oslo, Norway
10Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency, 1-1 Nagamine, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0052, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to E-mail: nick.rayner@metoffice.gov.uk

This paper shall be cited as:

Rayner, N. & Co-Authors (2010). "Evaluating Climate Variability and Change from Modern and Historical SST Observations" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.71

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