OceanObs09

Published in the
Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

COMMUNITY WHITE PAPER10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.68

Future Observations for Monitoring Global Ocean Heat Content

M.D. Palmer(1), J. Antonov(2), P. Barker(3), N. Bindoff(4), T Boyer(2), M. Carson(5), C. Domingues(6), S. Gille(7), P. Gleckler(8), S. Good(1), V. Gouretski(9), S. Guinehut(10), K. Haines(11), D.E. Harrison(12), M. Ishii(13), G. Johnson(14), S. Levitus(15), S. Lozier(16), J. Lyman(17), A. Meijers(18), K. von Shuckmann(19), D. Smith(20), S. Wijffels(21), J. Willis(22)

pdf Download this paper »

This community white paper outlines the requirements of the future observing system necessary for measuring and advancing understanding of global ocean heat uptake and heat content variability, with an emphasis on the in situ observing system. We review the progress made in observation-based estimates of ocean heat uptake since Ocean Obs'99 and propose a future observational strategy. Some of the key scientific questions addressed are: 1. What future observations are required to monitor global ocean heat content? 2. How has new technology improved our ability to make estimates of ocean heat uptake? 3. What are the current estimates of global and regional ocean heat uptake and what are the uncertainties? 4. What is the impact of instrumental biases and gridding methodology on estimates of ocean heat uptake?

1Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, EX1 3PB, UK
2Ocean Climate Laboratory/National Oceanographic Data Center/NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), E/OC5, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
3CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) Marine and Atmospheric Research, GPO 1538, Hobart, 7000, TAS, Australia
4CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation), CAWCR (Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research), ACE CRC (Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre), IASOS (Institute of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Studies), University of Tasmania, Private Bag 80, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
5NOAA/PMEL (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Pacific Marine Environment Laboratory), University of Washington, School of Oceanography, Box 357940, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
6Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation), Private Bag 1, Aspendale, Victoria, 3195, Australia
7Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, 9500 Gilman Drive, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0230, USA
8Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Mail Stop L-103 Livermore, CA 94550, USA
9University of Hamburg, KlimaCampus, Grindelberg 5, 20144 Hamburg, Germany
10CLS (Collecte Localisation Satellites)/Space Oceanography Division, 8-10 rue Hermes, Parc Technologique du Canal, 31520 Ramonville Saint-Agne, FRANCE
11Environmental Systems Science Centre, University of Reading, Harry Pitt Bld, 3 Earley Gate, Reading, RG6 6AL, UK
12NOAA/PMEL/OCRD (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Pacific Marine Environment Laboratory/Office Chief of Research and Development), 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
13JMA/JAMSTEC (Japan Meteorological Agency/Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Climate Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute, 1-1 Nagamine, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0052, Japan
14NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory), 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Bldg. 3 Seattle WA USA
15Ocean Climate Laboratory/National Oceanographic Data Center/NOAA, E/OC5, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
16Earth and Ocean Sciences, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Box 90230, University, Durham, NC 27708-0230, USA
17Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, and NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, 1125-B Ala Manoa Blvd., Honolulu, HI 96814, USA; 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Bldg. 3 Seattle WA USA
18CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) Marine Laboratories, Castray Esplanade, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, TAS 7000, Australia
19IFREMER (French Institute for Exploitation of the Sea/Institut Franšais de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer), Technopole de Brest-Iroise, B.P. 70, 29270 PlouzanÚ, France
20Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, EX1 3PB UK
21CSIRO (Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) Marine Laboratories, Castray Esplanade, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, TAS 7000, Australia
22Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, M/S 300-323, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91109, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to E-mail: matthew.palmer@metoffice.gov.uk

This paper shall be cited as:

Palmer, M. & Co-Authors (2010). "Future Observations for Monitoring Global Ocean Heat Content" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.68

Rights to reproduction of individual articles are held by the authors. The source of the article (these proceedings) shall be cited.

 Contact: info .at. oceanobs09.net