|COMMUNITY WHITE PAPER||10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.49|
The California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI): The Continuing Evolution and Contributions of a 60-Year Ocean Observation Program
J. Anthony Koslow(1), Ralf Goericke(1), Sam McClatchie(2), Russ Vetter(2), Laura Rogers-Bennett(3)
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The California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI) began in 1949 as an ocean observation program in response to the decline of the Pacific sardine fishery. The program, based on a partnership between the National Marine Fisheries Service, California Department of Fish and Game, and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, has served to underpin the stock assessment of key commercial species, such as northern anchovy and Pacific sardine, based on the egg production method, and has provided a primary data source for studies of the physical, biological and fisheries oceanography of the California Current in relation to ocean climate variability and climate change. The range and frequency of CalCOFI sampling has shrunk considerably since its inception, but the program continues to expand its suite of ocean observations, by serving as a sampling platform for ancillary programs and through leveraging of its observations. Results from the CalCOFI program show the tight relationships between environmental forcing and biological/fisheries productivity over a range of temporal and spatial scales. Today it stands as one of the world's longest oceanographic time series and is poised to contribute to studies of climate change and to ecosystem-based management of the California Current.
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This paper shall be cited as:
Koslow, J., Goericke, R., McClatchie, S., Vetter, R. and Rogers-Bennett, L., (2010). "The California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI): The Continuing Evolution and Contributions of a 60-Year Ocean Observation Program" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.49
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