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Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

COMMUNITY WHITE PAPER10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.43

The ICES Working Group on Oceanic Hydrography: Building on Over 100 Years of North Atlantic Observations

N.P. Holliday(1), H. Valdimarsson(2), G. Nolan(3), S.L. Hughes(4), A. Lavin(5), S. Řsterhus(6), T. Sherwin(7), A. Trofimov(8)

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The ICES (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea) Working Group on Oceanic Hydrography (WGOH) maintains, analyses and develops coastal, shelf and deep ocean repeated stations and sections around the subpolar North Atlantic, the Nordic Seas and adjacent shelf seas. The WGOH annually reviews the latest results and research from repeat hydrography sections and stations, and generates a summary of hydrographic conditions in the North Atlantic, the ICES Report on Ocean Climate (IROC). By combining expertise in variability in physical processes and the relationship with ecosystems from around the North Atlantic, the WGOH is an excellent forum for developing new insight into climate variability and the impact on ecosystems. Recent new collaborative research highlights include observations of unusually warm and saline Atlantic Water in the Nordic Seas, a comparison of gridded sea surface temperature products to selected time series, and an isopycnal analysis over 300,000 profiles from the Nordic Seas. The WGOH encourages development of new time series and the use of new technology, and has led to the establishment of new ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler) and surface observations from voluntary observing ships. Future challenges for WGOH include maintaining the integrity of time series, and communicating the information from the time series in a useful way to a wide range of stakeholders. The ICES WGOH has no dedicated funding, instead participants and time series are funded by member nations which are Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Faroes, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden, UK and USA.

1National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, Waterfront Campus, European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH, United Kingdom
2Marine Research Institute, PO Box 1390, Skulagata 2, 121 Reykjavic, Iceland
3Marine Institute, Rinville, Oranmore, Co. Galway, Ireland
4Marine Scotland, Marine Laboratory, PO Box 101, 375 Victoria Road, Aberdeen, AB11 9DB, Scotland, United Kingdom
5Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia, Apdo 240, 39080 Santander, Spain
6Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Allégaten 55, NO-5007 Bergen, Norway
7Scottish Association for Marine Science, Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory, Oban, Argyll, PA37 1QA, Scotland, United Kingdom
8Knipovich Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography (PINRO), 6 Knipovich Street, Murmansk 183038, Russia

Correspondence should be addressed to E-mail: penny.holliday@noc.soton.ac.uk

This paper shall be cited as:

Holliday, N. & Co-Authors (2010). "The ICES Working Group on Oceanic Hydrography: Building on Over 100 Years of North Atlantic Observations" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.43

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