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Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

COMMUNITY WHITE PAPER10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.29

An International Observational Network for Ocean Acidification

R.A. Feely(1), V.J. Fabry(2), A.G. Dickson(3), J.-P Gattuso(4), J. Bijma(5), U. Riebesell(6), S. Doney(7), C. Turley(8), T. Saino(9), K. Lee(10), K. Anthony(11), J. Kleypas(12)

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An integrated international interdisciplinary program of ship-based hydrography, time-series moorings, floats and gliders with carbon system, pH and oxygen sensors, and ecological surveys is recommended to determine the large-scale changes in the properties of ocean water and the associated biological responses to ocean acidification. By carefully coordinating ocean acidification requirements with the future research plans of the ocean carbon and biological communities, and adding additional sensors and moorings where needed, many of the research requirements of the ocean-acidification community can be met for open-ocean regions. For coastal environments, a large network of new hydrographic and ecological surveys, moorings and floats will be required to provide a coastal observing system for ocean acidification. These activities will require a coordinated international research effort that is closely linked with other international carbon research programs, such as the CLIVAR/CO2 Repeat Hydrography Program. Many of the data synthesis activities, data archiving and international data management activities could be shared between the carbon and ocean acidification programs. Presently, many countries are engaged in ocean acidification research and monitoring activities. For example, the European ocean acidification community has developed a major multi-nation program (EPOCA). The total cost of the present observational efforts for ocean acidification is estimated at about $10 Million US dollars per year. We estimate that the cost of an expanded international observational program as described below to be approximately $50 Million US dollars per year

1National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1401 Constitution Avenue, NW, Room 5128, Washington, DC 20230 USA
2California State University San Marcos, 333 S. Twin Oaks Valley Road, San Marcos, CA 92096-0001 USA
3Scripps Institute of Oceanography, 9500 Gilman Drive, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA
4L'Observatoire Océanologique de Villefranche-sur-Mer, Chemin du Lazaret, 06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
5Alfred Wegener Institute, Bussestrasse 24, D-27570 Bremerhaven, (Building F-212), Germany
6Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, D-24105 Kiel, Germany
7Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 266 Woods Hole Road, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
8Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Prospect Pl, Plymouth, Devon PL1 3DH, United Kingdom
9Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2-15 Natsushima, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, 237-0061, Japan
10Pohang University of Science and Technology, 790-784 San 31 Hyoja-dong, Nam-gu, Pohang, Gyungbuk, Korea
11University of Queensland, Brisbane St Lucia, QLD 4072 Australia
12National Center for Atmospheric Research, 1850 Table Mesa Drive, Boulder, CO, 80305, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to E-mail: Richard.A.Feely@noaa.gov

This paper shall be cited as:

Feely, R. & Co-Authors (2010). "An International Observational Network for Ocean Acidification" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.29

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