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Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

COMMUNITY WHITE PAPER10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.28

Seafloor Observatory Science

Paolo Favali(1), R. Person(2), C.R. Barnes(3), Y. Kaneda(4), J.R. Delaney(5), S. Hsu(6)

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This paper deals with a new emerging science the "Seafloor Observatory Science". It is evolved rapidly over the last two decades by means of new projects and programmes towards the establishment of permanent underwater networks. The main on-going initiatives at global scale are presented for Canada (NEPTUNE - North East Pacific Time-series Underwater Networked Experiments), USA (OOI - Ocean Observatories Initiative), Japan (DONET - Dense Oceanfloor Network system for Earthquakes and Tsunamis), Taiwan (MACHO - Marine Cable Hosted Observatory) and Europe (through ESONET-NoE - European Seas Observatory NETwork-Network of Excellence and recently with the infrastructure project EMSO - European Multidisciplinary Seafloor Observatory). Moreover, the scientific motivations for seafloor observatories and their main architecture are discussed. Finally, the applications and opportunities of cabled observatories beyond those in ocean science research, technology and data services are outlined. It is important to recognise that the advent of cabled ocean observatories heralds in a new era of ocean exploration and interpretation which will make profound contributions to socio-economic benefits, public policy formulation, and public education and engagement.

1Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Via di Vigna Murata 605, 00143 Roma, Italia
2IFREMER (French Institute for Exploitation of the Sea/Institut Franšais de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer), BP 70, 29280 PlouzanÚ, France
3University of Victoria, PO Box 1700 STN CSC, Victoria BC V8W 2Y2 Canada
4Japan Agency for Marine-earth Science and Technology, 2-15 Natsushima, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, 237-0061, Japan.
5University of Washington, 7600 Sand Point Way, NE Seattle, WA 98115 USA
6Institute of Geophysics, National Central University, No.300, Jhongda Rd., Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 32001, Taiwan (R.O.C.)

Correspondence should be addressed to E-mail: emsopp@ingv.it

This paper shall be cited as:

Favali, P. & Co-Authors (2010). "Seafloor Observatory Science" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.28

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