|COMMUNITY WHITE PAPER||10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.28|
Seafloor Observatory Science
Paolo Favali(1), R. Person(2), C.R. Barnes(3), Y. Kaneda(4), J.R. Delaney(5), S. Hsu(6)
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This paper deals with a new emerging science the "Seafloor Observatory Science". It is evolved rapidly over the last two decades by means of new projects and programmes towards the establishment of permanent underwater networks. The main on-going initiatives at global scale are presented for Canada (NEPTUNE - North East Pacific Time-series Underwater Networked Experiments), USA (OOI - Ocean Observatories Initiative), Japan (DONET - Dense Oceanfloor Network system for Earthquakes and Tsunamis), Taiwan (MACHO - Marine Cable Hosted Observatory) and Europe (through ESONET-NoE - European Seas Observatory NETwork-Network of Excellence and recently with the infrastructure project EMSO - European Multidisciplinary Seafloor Observatory). Moreover, the scientific motivations for seafloor observatories and their main architecture are discussed. Finally, the applications and opportunities of cabled observatories beyond those in ocean science research, technology and data services are outlined. It is important to recognise that the advent of cabled ocean observatories heralds in a new era of ocean exploration and interpretation which will make profound contributions to socio-economic benefits, public policy formulation, and public education and engagement.
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This paper shall be cited as:
Favali, P. & Co-Authors (2010). "Seafloor Observatory Science" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.28
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