|COMMUNITY WHITE PAPER||10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.27|
Observations to Quantify Air-Sea Fluxes and their Role in Climate Variability and Predictability
Christopher W. Fairall(1), Bernard Barnier(2), David I. Berry(3), Mark A. Bourassa(4), E. Frank Bradley(5), Carol Anne Clayson(6), Gerrit de Leeuw(7), William M. Drennan(8), Sarah T. Gille(9), Sergey K. Gulev(10), Elizabeth C. Kent(3), Wade R. McGillis(11), Graham D. Quartly(3), Vladimir Ryabinin(12), Shawn R. Smith(4), Robert A. Weller(13), Margaret J. Yelland(3), Huai-Min Zhang(14)
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Flux products quantifying exchanges between ocean and atmosphere are needed for forcing models, understanding ocean dynamics, investigating the ocean's role in climate, and assessing coupled models. Research experiments are essential to improve flux parameterizations, and longer research deployments are required to sample rare events. Urgently needed technological improvements include longer battery life, more robust sensors and improvement of sensors for humidity, precipitation and direct gas and particle fluxes. A range of different flux products are needed, incorporating data from ships, satellites and models in different combinations and using different methods. All products must be characterized with uncertainty estimates. Dataset validation requires high quality observations from ocean flux reference sites and from ships. The continued development of flux products from satellites provides much-needed sampling. Continual intercomparisons among products and with high quality observations will lead to improved flux datasets, while improvements to the flux data management system would facilitate these intercomparisons.
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This paper shall be cited as:
Fairall, C. & Co-Authors (2010). "Observations to Quantify Air-Sea Fluxes and their Role in Climate Variability and Predictability" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.27
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