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Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

COMMUNITY WHITE PAPER10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.24

Successes and Challenges for the Modern Sea Surface Temperature Observing System

C. J. Donlon(1), K. S. Casey(2), C. Gentemann(3), P. LeBorgne(4), I.S. Robinson(5), R.W. Reynolds(6), C. Merchant(7), D. Llewellyn-Jones(8), P.J. Minnett(9), J.F. Piolle(10), P. Cornillon(11), N. Rayner(12), T. Brandon(13), J. Vazquez(14), E. Armstrong(14), H. Beggs(15), I. Barton(16), G. Wick(17), S. Castro(18), J. Hoeyer(19), D. May(20), O.A. Arino(21), D.J. Poulter(5), R. Evans(22), C.T. Mutlow(23), A.W. Bingham(14), A. Harris(24)

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Sea Surface Temperature (SST) at the ocean-atmosphere interface is a fundamental variable for understanding, monitoring and predicting fluxes of heat, momentum and gas at a variety of scales from local to global climate that determine complex interactions between atmosphere and ocean. This paper has been prepared for those implementing and working with the modern sea surface temperature (SST) observing system. The purpose of the paper is threefold: (1) to highlight key developments of the modern era SST observing system over the last 10 years (2) to discuss the principal challenges for the observing system in the next 10 years and (3) to propose an ideal plan for the global integrated high resolution SST observing system. Each recommendation is fully qualified in a full paper describing the Group for High Resolution SST (GHRSST) Development and Implementation Plan that can be found at https://www.ghrsst.org/files/download.php?m=documents&f=OO-ModernEraSST-v3.0.pdf.

1ESA/ESTEC (European Space Agency/European Space Research and Technology Centre), Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ, Noordwijk The Netherlands
2NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) National Oceanographic Data Center, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282, USA
3Remote Sensing Systems, 438 First St., Santa Rosa, CA 95401, USA
4Météo-France, 42 avenue G. Coriolis, 31057 Toulouse, France
5National Oceanography Centre, Waterfront Campus, European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH, United Kingdom
6NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) National Climatic Data Center, 151 Patton Avenue, Asheville, NC 28801-5001, U.S.A
7University of Edinburgh, J C M Building/Kings Buildings/Mayfield Rd, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, UK
8University of Leicester, 104 Regent Rd, Leicester LE1 7LT, UK
9University of Miami, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL 33149 USA
10IFREMER (French Institute for Exploitation of the Sea/Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer), Technopole de Brest-Iroise, BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France
11University of Rhode Island, South Ferry Rd., Narragansett, RI O2882 USA
12The MetOffice, FitzRoy Road, Exeter EX1 3PB, UK
13NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) National/Oceanographic Data Center, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282, USA
14NASA/JPL PODAAC (National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Jet Propulsion Laboratory Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Archive Center), 4800 Oak Grove Dr.Pasadena, CA 91109 USA
15Bureau of Meterology, GPO Box 1289, Melbourne VIC 3001, Australia
16CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation), GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001 Australia
17NOAA ESL (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Earth Science Laboratory), Boulder, Colorado 80302, U.S.A
18University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80302, U.S.A
19Danish Meteorological Institute, 100, Lyngbyvej, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
20NAVOCEANO (Naval Oceanographic Office), 1002 Balch Blvd, Stennis Space Center, MS 39525, USA
21ESA/ESRIN (European Space Agency/European Space Research Institute), Via Galileo Galilei, Frascati 00044, Italy
22University of Miami, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL 33149
23Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Science & Innovation Campus, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX110QX, UK
24University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to E-mail: craig.donlon@esa.int

This paper shall be cited as:

Donlon, C. & Co-Authors (2010). "Successes and Challenges for the Modern Sea Surface Temperature Observing System" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.24

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