OceanObs09

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Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

COMMUNITY WHITE PAPER10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.06

Biologging in the Global Ocean Observing System

Lars Boehme(1), K. Kovacs(2), C. Lydersen(2), O.A. Nøst(2), M. Biuw(2), J.-B. Charrassin(3), F. Roquet(3), C. Guinet(4), M. Meredith(5), K. Nicholls(5), S. Thorpe(5), D. P. Costa(6), B. Block(7), M. Hammill(8), G. Stenson(8), M. Muelbert(9), M. N. Bester(10), J. Plötz(11), H. Bornemann(11), M. Hindell(12), S. Rintoul(13), P. Lovell(14), M. A. Fedak(14)

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Miniature electronic data recorders and transmitters have revolutionized the way we study animals over the past decades, particularly marine animals at sea. But, very recently, animal-borne instruments have also been designed and implemented that provide in situ hydrographic data from parts of the oceans where little or no other data are currently available (even from beneath the ice in polar regions). Ocean data is delivered from animal-borne instruments via satellites in near real-time, which would enrich the Global Ocean Observing System if animal-borne instruments were deployed systematically. In the last 10 years, studies involving more than 10 countries (Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Greenland, Norway, South Africa, UK, USA) have demonstrated how highly accurate oceanographic sensors, integrated into standard animal, biologging instruments, can provide data of equal or better quality than XBT/XCTD (Expendable Bathythermograph/Expendable Conductivity/Temperature and Depth) data. Here, we present some of the pioneering studies and demonstrate that we now have enough information for many marine species to predict where they will go - within reasonable limits. Thus, we can direct sampling effort to particularly interesting and productive regions and maximize data return. In the future, biologging could certainly play an important part in the Global Ocean Observing System, by providing complementary data to more traditional sampling technologies - especially in the high latitudes. This paper will make a core contribution to the Plenary Sessions 4A, 4B and 5A and will be relevant to 2A, 2B and 3A.

1NERC (Natural Environment Research Council) - Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, East Sands, St Andrews KY15 5QJ United Kingdom
2Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre, Fram Centre, Hjalmar Johansens, gt. 14, NO-9296 Tromsø
3402/Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat, Département Milieux et Peuplements Aquatiques, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 43 rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
4Centre d'Études Biologiques de Chizé, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, BP 14, Villiers-en-Bois, F-79360 Beauvoir sur Niort, France
5British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, United Kingdom
6Center for Ocean Health, Institute of Marine Sciences, Long Marine Laboratory, University of California, 100 Shaffer Road, Santa Cruz, CA 95060 USA
7Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, Oceanview Boulevard, Pacific Grove, CA 93950 USA
8Fisheries and Oceans Canada, P.O. Box 5667, St. John's, Nfd A1C 5X1 Canada
9FURG (Fundação Universidade do Rio Grande), Dept. of Oceanography, PPGOB (Programa de Pós-graduação em Oceanografia Biológica), Depto de Oceanografia, Campus Carretros, CP 474 96.201-900 Rio Grande RS BR
10Mammal Research Institute, Dept. of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Zoology Building Room 3-11, Pretoria 0002 ZA
11Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Postfach 12 01 61, 27515 Bremerhaven, Germany
12Antarctic Wildlife Research Unit, School of Zoology, University of Tasmania,, Private Bag 5, Hobart, Tasmania, 7001, Australia
13CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation), GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001 Australia
14NERC (Natural Environment Research Council) Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, East Sands, St Andrews KY15 5QJ UK

Correspondence should be addressed to E-mail: lb284@st-andrews.ac.uk

This paper shall be cited as:

Boehme, L. & Co-Authors (2010). "Biologging in the Global Ocean Observing System" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.06

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